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Manufacturing capital "southeast flying" made in China is facing transformation

manufacturing capital "southeast flying" made in China is facing transformation

China Construction machinery information

Guide: where is the first choice for investment and plant establishment? Throw this question to the manufacturing people in developed regions. In the past decade, the answer is mostly China! Now, the answer may be Southeast Asia. In recent years, the manufacturing industry in ASEAN countries has developed rapidly. Many developed countries and regions have chosen the first choice for the transfer of manufacturing industry

where is the first choice for investment and plant establishment? Throw this question to the manufacturing people in developed regions. In the past decade, the answer is mostly China! Now, the answer may be Southeast Asia

in recent years, the manufacturing industry in ASEAN countries has developed rapidly. The preferred target of manufacturing industry transfer in many developed countries and regions has shifted from China to ASEAN. In the face of new competitors, how can "made in China" maintain its competitiveness? Are "made in China" and "made in ASEAN" rivals or partners? How to carry out industrial cooperation between the two sides

China is no longer the only choice for capital.

"high quality and low price" was once the common impression of "made in China". However, at the 9th China ASEAN Expo, people noticed that "made in ASEAN" is also good and cheap, or even cheaper: Thai clothing Jinan testing machine wechat: 1595576014, Malaysian coffee, Vietnamese slippers...

behind the simple economic appearance, in the view of economists, what is hidden is the general trend of global industrial transfer

"China has entered the middle stage of industrialization, with rising land and labor prices, increasing environmental load, and industrial transfer becoming inevitable." Chen Jiagui, former vice president of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said that the current domestic industrial transfer shows two trends: one is to the western region, and the other is to ASEAN countries

at the same time, some foreign investors who originally regarded China as the preferred place for users to switch freely also turned their eyes to Southeast Asia. Take Nike, a well-known sports brand that "moved" from China to Vietnam as an example. In 2000, China produced 40% of Nike shoes in the world, ranking first in the world; Today, Vietnam has replaced China as the world's largest producer of Nike shoes

The transfer of manufacturing industry has directly promoted the development of local economy. Statistics show that the output value of Vietnam's manufacturing industry has increased at an annual rate of 11% since 2000. For more than a decade, Vietnam has developed from only producing primary products to machinery manufacturing. At present, it has been able to produce complete sets of machinery and equipment, and its automobile and shipbuilding industries have also made significant progress

undoubtedly, China's status as the "world factory" is facing challenges. The world investment report 2012 released by the United Nations Conference on Trade and development shows that in 2011, foreign direct investment into Southeast Asia reached US $117billion, an increase of 26% year-on-year, while China's growth rate in the same period was less than 8%

transfer forces the transformation of made in China

some experts and scholars said in an interview that at the critical moment of economic transformation, the transfer of some domestic industries to ASEAN countries will force the transformation of "made in China" and avoid trade barriers to a certain extent. Generally speaking, the "advantages outweigh the disadvantages"

Chen Jiagui believes that China should strive to achieve "Industrial Differentiation layout" with ASEAN, that is, combined with China's current strategy of industrial structure upgrading and transfer, transfer part of manufacturing capacity to Southeast Asian countries with relatively low labor force, which not only solves the employment of local labor force and the development of related industries, but also optimizes China's domestic industrial layout

at the same time, the shift of manufacturing to ASEAN will also help reduce China's trade frictions. Experts believe that China has maintained trade surpluses with many European and American countries for a long time. For the sake of pursuing trade balance, forcing the appreciation of the RMB, and winning votes in the general election, European and American countries tend to create trade frictions against China, and increase the trade barriers made in China to make the whole experimental process more smooth. However, the transfer of manufacturing to ASEAN countries can effectively circumvent these trade barriers

Chen Jiagui also pointed out that the manufacturing industry is "Flying Southeast", and the western region of China is facing more fierce competition for investment, which will promote the western region to further strengthen the local infrastructure construction, improve the investment environment, and also promote the development of the western region itself

many guests attending the 9th China ASEAN Expo believed that the manufacturing industry between China and ASEAN "cooperation is greater than competition", and the cooperation between the two sides will generate more business opportunities. Su Bo, Vice Minister of the Ministry of industry and information technology, said that the economies of China and ASEAN are highly complementary, and the potential for the development of manufacturing cooperation between the two sides is very broad. Luo Wen, President of China Electronic Information Industry Development Research Institute, analyzed that the current manufacturing industry is changing from "a single enterprise takes charge of the whole production process, and the product value chain is completed in the workshop where prices fall in some regions of different pig iron markets of an enterprise", to "Multinational Enterprises decompose the product value chain into supporting cooperative enterprises in different countries, and the product production process is completed by multiple enterprises worldwide". This makes the two-way flow of manufacturing technology, talents and resources become another growth point of China ASEAN Industrial cooperation

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